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(The Philippine Star) Updated December 07, 2009 12:00 AM

ANGELES CITY, Philippines – President Arroyo can reassume the presidency after she is elected a member of the House of Representatives through a 1947 law on presidential succession, according to a lawyer.

Lawyer Ernesto Franciso said under Republic Act No. 181, when neither the president-elect nor the vice president-elect shall have qualified, and the Senate president and the speaker have not yet been elected, Congress shall elect an acting president from among the senators and members of the House.

That acting president shall remain in office until the president-elect or the vice president-elect shall have been qualified, he added.

Francisco said Mrs. Arroyo’s allies in Congress can elect her as acting president after she wins a seat in the House when the people fail to elect a president or vice president because of some events like the breakdown of poll automation, vacancy in the post of Senate president and the speaker on June 30 next year.

“RA 181 was not expressly repealed by the 1973 Constitution, and its provisions are not inconsistent with the provisions of the 1987 Constitution on presidential succession,” he said.

Francisco said that since the Constitution provides that Congress can choose who can act as president in case of permanent incapacity of the president until a new president is elected, any doubt on the validity of RA 181 may be remedied through a new law with exactly the same provisions.

Mrs. Arroyo’s election as acting president would be easy because under RA 181, the election shall be done by Congress in joint session, not necessarily with the Senate and the House of Representatives voting separately, he added.

Francisco said Mrs. Arroyo could remain president while the president-elect and the vice president-elect have not qualified.

“Also, it must be considered that any legal question on the matter of presidential succession that may arise on June 30, 2010 will be resolved by a Supreme Court filled with GMA appointees,” he said.

‘GMA can do an Adams’

Mrs. Arroyo can do what US President John Quincy Adams had done in the 19th century when he ran for Congress and won after completing his term as president, a lawmaker said yesterday.

Cebu Rep. Eduardo Gullas said the sixth US president was elected representative from Massachusetts after leaving the White House.

Adams served as a member of Congress for the last 17 years of his life, he added.

Gullas said Andrew Johnson, the 17th US president, was elected senator six years after his presidency.

“If Mrs. Arroyo does not wish to retire from active public service, that is her prerogative,” he said.

Gullas said suggestions that as a lawmaker Mrs. Arroyo could work on Charter change to shift to a parliamentary system of government so she could become prime minister are “overly speculative.”

“Once the people elect a new president next year, there will be a totally new order,” he said.

“Everyone will revolve around the new president. Mrs. Arroyo will just be one of 282 members of the House. Her vote will be as good as mine.”

Mrs. Arroyo has filed her certificate of candidacy for representative of Pampanga’s second district.

She joined three other Arroyos aspiring for congressional seats: her younger son Diosdado of Camarines Sur’s second district, brother-in-law Jose Ignacio of Negros Occidental’s fifth district, and sister-in-law Ma. Lourdes of the party-list group Ang Kasangga. – Ding Cervantes, Jess Diaz

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–Atty. Theodore Te, UP College of Law

Which part of “Never Again” did you fail to understand?

The decretal portion of Proc 1959, as read by the Executive Secretary:

THEREFORE, I, GLORIA MACAPAGAL-ARROYO, PRESIDENT OF RP, DO HEREBY PROCLAIM AS FOLLOWS:

SEC. 1 – THERE IS HEREBY DECLARED A STATE OF MARTIAL LAW IN THE PROVINCE OF MAGUINDANAO
EXCEPT FOR THE IDENTIFIED AREAS OF THE MORO ISLAMIC LIBERATION FRONT AS REFERRED TO IN THE
IMPLEMENTING OPERATIONAL GUIDELINES OF THE GRP-MILF AGREEMENT ON THE GENERAL CESSATION OF HOSTLITIES.

SEC. 2 – THE PRIVILEGE OF THE WRIT OF HABEAS CORPUS WILL LIKEWISE BE SUSPENDED IN THE SAID AREAS FOR THE DURATION OF THE STATE OF MARTIAL LAW.

DONE IN THE CITY OF MANILA, THIS 4TH DAY OF DECEMEBER, 2009. SIGNED, GLORIA M. ARROYO.

What is immediately apparent is that there is no period specified and none of the grounds in the Constitution would fit–unless these grounds are yet to happen according to good old military inteligence.

Meantime, it is left to both Houses of Congress–this time clearly voting jointly (ehem ehem ehem, can you say “cha cha” as well as “choo choo”?)–and the 93% Gloria-appointed Court to decide on this issue.

————
The relevant portion of the 1987 Constitution (which, if you put side by side with the proclamation, will clearly show the infirmity of the declaration) —

“ART. VI, SECTION 18. The President shall be the Commander-in-Chief of all armed forces of the Philippines and whenever it becomes necessary, he may call out such armed forces to prevent or suppress lawless violence, invasion or rebellion. In case of invasion or rebellion, when the public safety requires it, he may, for a period not exceeding sixty days, suspend the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus or place the Philippines or any part thereof under martial law. Within forty-eight hours from the proclamation of martial law or the suspension of the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus, the President shall submit a report in person or in writing to the Congress. The Congress, voting jointly, by a vote of at least a majority of all its Members in regular or special session, may revoke such proclamation or suspension, which revocation shall not be set aside by the President. Upon the initiative of the President, the Congress may, in the same manner, extend such proclamation or suspension for a period to be determined by the Congress, if the invasion or rebellion shall persist and public safety requires it.

The Congress, if not in session, shall, within twenty-four hours following such proclamation or suspension, convene in accordance with its rules without any need of a call.

The Supreme Court may review, in an appropriate proceeding filed by any citizen, the sufficiency of the factual basis of the proclamation of martial law or the suspension of the privilege of the writ or the extension thereof, and must promulgate its decision thereon within thirty days from its filing.

A state of martial law does not suspend the operation of the Constitution, nor supplant the functioning of the civil courts or legislative assemblies, nor authorize the conferment of jurisdiction on military courts and agencies over civilians where civil courts are able to function, nor automatically suspend the privilege of the writ.

The suspension of the privilege of the writ shall apply only to persons judicially charged for rebellion or offenses inherent in or directly connected with the invasion.

During the suspension of the privilege of the writ, any person thus arrested or detained shall be judicially charged within three days, otherwise he shall be released.”

kabataang

April 14, 2009
NEWS RELEASE

Toga-clad youth troop to House committee hearings
Cha-cha will aggravate unemployment for fresh grads

Kabataang Pinoy Party trooped to the House of Representatives today to convince lawmakers to “address the unemployment issue instead of stubbornly pushing for charter change against the people’s will.”

They attended the House committee hearings donning graduation caps as a “silent and symbolic protest against how lawmakers are prioritizing (their) political interests over the more pressing need to tackle the unemployment issue.”

Last year, more than 11 million Filipinos were unemployed, or a total of 27.9 percent of the entire labor force. Half of this number consisted of youths aged 15 to 24 years. “This figure is bound to balloon still, with the projected 200,000 threatened to lose their jobs within the first half of the year due to the global economic crisis coupled with the government’s failure to provide employment for this year’s 900,000 new graduates,” Kabataang Pinoy Spokesperson Alvin Peters said.

“The government relies solely on the projected 110,000 jobs available in the business processes outsourcing (BPO) industry, particularly call center and medical transcription jobs, but these are especially vulnerable to the crisis because they are foreign-controlled and their mother companies are situated in recession-ridden First World countries.”

Kabataang Pinoy further said that charter change would only aggravate the rising joblessness and underemployment in the country.

“Speaker Nograles’ cha-cha resolution seeking to scrap the 40 percent limit on foreign ownership would only make the economy more vulnerable to foreign authority and to exploitation of our work force’s cheap labor. It clearly does nothing in addressing the much-needed boost to our local economy for it to be able to provide more decent and adequate jobs and job security for our fresh graduates and the labor force in general,” Peters said.

Kabataang Pinoy appealed to Speaker Nograles and lawmakers to stop cha-cha attempts altogether and withdraw the House resolutions on charter change.

Reference:
Alvin Peters, 09206209362
Vencer Crisostomo, 09224290258